The Caucasus Emirate is a network of self-sufficient militant organization in the North Caucasus devoted to establishing an Islamic State governed by the laws of Shari’a in six provinces that comprise much of the autonomous republic of Russia. The organization is an outgrowth of Chechnya’s secessionist movement. It was formed in 2007 by Doku Umarov, former President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, the secessionist movement’s government. The Caucasus Emirate has both nationalistic and ideological goals and is aligned with the global Jihad. It cooperates with al-Qaeda and Salafi-Jihadist groups internationally and provided inspiration and, it is speculated, training to Boston Marathon bomber Tamerlan Tsarnaev. Doku Umarov was rumored to have been killed in Jan. 2014. However, the militants of the Caucasus Emirate continue to be one of Russia’s primary security concerns.
U.S. Dept.of State: Office of the Spokesman. “Designation of Caucasus Emirate”. May 26, 2011.
U.S. House of Representatives: Committee of Foreign Affairs. “Islamist Extremism in Chechnya: A Threat to the U.S. Homeland”. 113th Congress. April 26, 2013.
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. “Dagestan: A New Flashpoint in Russia’s North Caucasus”. 111th Congress. June 16 2009.
U.S. House of Representatives: 111th Congress. “Urging the Secretary of State to designate the Caucasus Emirate as a Foreign Terrorist Organization”. H. Res. 1315. Aug. 29, 2010.
Rep. Bill McCollum. “The Dangers in the Caucasus”. Congressional Record. Vol. 146 No. 54. May 4, 2000. Pgs. E658-E659.
U.S. Government. Chechnya: A Complete Guide-Insurgent Groups, Terrorists, Chechen Rebels and Muslims, Islamist Movement, Russia Military Invasion and War, Russia Caucasus Conflict. Smashwords Edition: Progressive Management. 2013.
Speeches and Interviews
Letters and Emails
Hahn, Gordon. “Getting the Caucasus Emirate Right”. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Aug. 2011.
Cohen, Ariel. “Rise of Islamist Insurgency in the Northern Caucasus and Russia’s Inadequate Response”. Heritage Foundation. March 26, 2012.
Gray, Seth. “Two Mode Social Network Analysis of the Caucasus Emirate, Subgroups and Violent Incidences in the Northern Caucasus.” Islam Islamism and Politics in Eurasia Report: CSIS. Oct. 15, 2012.
Aliyev, Huseyn. “Peace Building from the Bottom: A Case Studies of the North Caucasus”. Caucasian Review of International Affairs. Vol. 4. Autumn 2010.
Jamestown Foundation, The Roots and Transformation of the Dagestan Insurgency, 29 September 2010, Eurasia Daily Monitor Volume: 7 Issue: 175
Nichol, Jim. “Stability in Russia’s Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments”. Congressional Research Services. Dec. 13, 2010.
Nichol, Jim. “Stability in Russia’s Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments”. Congressional Research Services. Jan. 27, 2010.
Hill, Fiona. “Russia’s Tinderbox: Conflict in the North Caucasus and its Implications for the Future of the Russian Federation.” Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs: Harvard Kennedy School. Cambridge, MA. 1995.
Schaefer, Robert. The Insurgency in Chechnya and the North Caucasus: From Gazavat to Jihad. Praeger Security International. 2011.
Zurcher, Christoph. The Post-Soviet Wars: Rebellion, Ethnic Conflict, and Nationhood in the Caucasus. NYU Press. 2009.
Burger, Ethan and Chelokhine, Sergui. Counterterrorism in Areas of Political Unrest: The Case of Russia’s Northern Caucasus. Springer. 2013.
Gammer, Moshe. Ethno-Nationalism, Islam and the State in the Caucasus: Post-Soviet Disorder. Central Asian Studies: Routledge. 2007.
Khordarkovsky, Michael. Bitter Choices: Loyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus. Cornell University Press. 2011.
Zelkina, Anna. In Quest for God and Freedom: Sufi Responses to the Russian Advance in the North Caucasus. NYU Press. 2000.
Ware, Robert Bruce. Dagestan: Russian Hegemony and Islamic Resistance in the North Caucascus. M.E. Sharpe. 2009.
Abtorkhanov, Abdurahman and Bennigsen Broxup, Marie. . The North Caucasus Barrier: The Russian Advance Towards the Muslim World. Palgrave Macmillan. 1992.
Politkovskaya, Anna. The Dirty War. Harville Press. 2004.
Wixman, Ronald. Language aspects of ethnic patterns and processes in the north Caucasus. Research Paper No. 191: University of Chicago, Dept. of Georgraphy. 1980.
Yuferev, Oleg, Yufereva, Violetta and Golovin , Anton trans. NORTH CAUCASUS & SOUTH. BUSINESS & GOVERNMENT. VOLUME XII.. Business Information Agency. Sept. 2012.
Howard, Glen ed. Volatile Borderland: Russia and the North Caucasus. Jamestown Foundation. 2012.
Molodikova, Irina and Watt, Alan. Growing Up in the North Caucasus: Society, Family, Religion and Education. Central Asian Studies: Routledge. 2013.
Hahn, Gordon. The Caucasus Emirate Mujahedin: Global Jihadism in Russia’s North Caucasus and Beyond. McFarland & Co. July 2014.
King, Charles. The Ghost of Freedom: A History of the Caucasus. Oxford University Press. 2009.
Blank, Stephen ed. “Russia’s Homegrown Insurgency: Jihad in the North Caucasus”. Strategic Studies Institute: U.S. Army War College. Oct. 2012.
Vitaliy, Bak. Curriculum for preaching in the North Caucasus Bible Institute.. UMI Dissertation Publishing: ProQuest. 2012.
Billingsley, Dodge. FANGS OF THE LONE WOLF: Chechen Tactics in the Russian-Chechen War 1994-2009. Helion and Company. 2013.
Durand, Matthieu. Russia and the North Caucus Insurgency Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues: Caucasus Region Political, Economic, and Security. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2013.
Politkovskaya, Anna. Is Journalism Worth Dying For?: Final Dispatches. Melville House. 2011.
Hughes, James. Chechnya: From Nationalism to Jihad. National and Ethnic Conflict in the 21st Century: University of Pennsylvania Press. 2008.
Olikar, Olga. Russia’s Chechen Wars 1994-2000: Lessons from Urban Combat. RAND. 2001.
Bodansky, Yossef. Chechen Jihad: Al Qaeda’s Training Ground and the Next Wave of Terror. Harper. 2007.
Russell, John. Chechnya – Russia’s ‘War on Terror’. Routledge. 2007.
Souleimanov, Emil. “The Caucasus Emirate: Genealogy of an Islamist Insurgency”. Middle East Policy Council. Winter 2011. Vol 18, No. 4.
Stewart, Scott and West, Ben. “The Caucasus Emirate”. Security Weekly: Stratfor Global Intelligence. April 15, 2010.
Dzutsev, Valery. “A Post-Mortem Sketch of Khasanbi Fakov-Leader of the United Insurgency Movement of Kabardino-Balkaria”. Jamestown Foundation: Militant Leadership Monitor. Vol. 4, Issue 8. Aug 21, 2013.
“Umarov Names New Commander of Insurgency in Daghestan”. Radio Free Europe. Aug. 26 2012.
Dzutsev, Valery. “Death of Insurgent Leaders in Kabardino-Balkaria Unlikely to Halt Attacks”. Eurasia Daily Monitor. Vol. 8, Issue 84. May 2, 2011.
Fuller, Liz. “News Profile: Who Is Doku Umarov”. Radio Free Europe. April 1, 2010.
Profile: Caucasus Emirate. Mapping Militant Organizations: Stanford University. Aug. 9, 2012.
Chechen Rebel Groups. Institute for the Study of Violent Groups. 2012.
Yarmuk Jamaat (KBK). Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium.
The American Foreign Policy Council. “World Almanac of Islamism: Russia” July 11, 2013.
Recent from the Caucasus. The Jamestown Foundation.