Budget

Budget

Primary Sources/  Secondary Sources

The budget needed to fund national security far exceeds the annual appropriations requested by the Pentagon.  The foreign interventions in Iraq and Afghanistan pushed Department of Defense spending to approximately $700 billion in 2012.  However, the money required to fund covert and intelligence operations, homeland security operations, provide for veterans and retirees and cover the interest on loans pushed the national security budget of 2012 past $1.2 trillion.  Primary and secondary documents detailing the money behind the national security system are contained in this section.

Primary Sources

Government Documents/   Corporate Documents/   Speeches/   Interviews/   Letters and Emails/  Multi-Media

Government Documents

“Special Access Programs and the Defense Budget: Understanding the Black Budget”. Congressional Research Service Issue Brief. 10/24/1989.

Congress of the United States:  Congressional Budget Office.  “Long-Term Implications of the 2013 Future Years Defense Program”.  July 2012.

Dale, Serafino, and Towell.  “A Unified National Security Budget? Issues for Congress”. CRS Report to Congress:  Congressional Research Services.  March 14 2013.

Spring, Baker.  “The Impact of Sequestration on National Security and the Economy,” Testimony, July 23 2013, before the Senate Budget Committee.

U.S. House.  Committee on Armed Services.  “Fiscal Year 2014 National Defense Authorization Budget Request for National Security Space Activities”.  113th Congress:  April 25 2013.

Congress of the United States:  Congressional Budget Office.  “Costs of Military Pay and Benefits in the Defense Budget”.  November 2012.

Congress of the United States:  Congressional Budget Office.  “Approaches for Scaling Back the Defense Department’s Budget Plans”.  March 2013.

US Department of Defense:  Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller).  “Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Request: Overview”.  February 2012.

Department of Defense.  Fact Sheet:  The Defense Budget.

Taggett, Pat and Daggett, Stephen.  “FY2013 Defense Budget Request: Overview and Context”.  Congressional Research Service.  April 20 2012.

US Department of Defense.  Department of Defense Information Related to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Taggett, Pat, Daggett, Stephen and Belasco, Amy.  “Defense:  FY 2008 Authorization and Appropriations.”  Congressional Research Services.  January 23 2008.

Department of Defense:  Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller).  United States Department of Defense Fiscal Year 2014 Budget Request.  Addendum A: Overseas Contingency Operations.  May 2013.

Department of Defense:  Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller).  “United States Department of Defense FY 2012 Budget Request: Overview”.  February 2011.

Department of Defense:  Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller).  “United States Department of Defense FY 2011 Budget Request: Overview”.  February 2010.

Department of Defense.  “Budget Amendment to the FY 2010 President’s Budget Request for Overseas Contingency Operations”.  August 2009.

Department of Defense.  “National Defense Budget Estimates for FY 2009”.  September 2008.

Department of Defense:  Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller).  “National Defense Budget Estimates for FY 2007”.  March 2006.

Department of the Navy.  “Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Estimates: Justification of Estimates”.  February 2012.

Office of the Secretary of Defense.  “Fiscal Year 2008 Budget Estimates: Justification for Component Contingency Operations and the Overseas Contingency Operations Transfer Fund”.  February 2007.

Department of Defense:  Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller).  “Overseas Contingency Operations Transfer Fund: FY 2001 President’s Budget Submission”.  2000.

Department of Defense:  US Special Operations Command.  Operation New Dawn/ Operation Enduring Freedom.  Operations and Maintenance, Defense-Wide. Budget Activity 01: Operating Forces.

US General Accounting Office.  “Special Access Programs: DOD is Strengthening Compliance with Oversight Requirements”.  Unclassified Summary to the Honorable Barbara Boxer, House of Representatives.  May 4 1989.

US General Accounting Office.  “Special Access Programs: DOD Criteria and Procedures for Creating Them Need Improvement”.  Unclassified Summary to Congressional Committees.  May 1988.

Department of Defense:  Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller).  “United States Department of Defense Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Request: Overview”.  March 2014.

Defense Finance and Accounting Service.  Military Pay Tables.  1949-2014.

Department of Defense:  Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller).  United States Department of Defense Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Request

Corporate Documents

Speeches

Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel.  “Statement of FY 2014 Budget Request”.  April 10 2013.

Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel.  “Submitted Statement–House Armed Services Committee”. April 11 2013.

Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel.  “Opening Summary–House Armed Services Committee”.  April 11 2013.

Secretary of Defense Robert Gates.  “House Appropriations Committee–Defense”.  March 29 2007.

Interviews

Letters and Emails

Multi-Media

Department of Defense:  Office of the Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller).  Archive of DOD Budget Requests and Budget Materials.  1998-2014.

Secondary Sources

Reports/   Books/   Articles/   Multi-Media/   General Resources

Reports

The Task Force on a Unified Security Budget.  “Rebalancing Our National Security:  The Benefits of implementing a Unified Security Budget”.  Center for American Progress.  October 30 2012.

Cordesman, Anthony.  “The US Defense Budget and Changes in US Strategy: Pre FY2013 Budget Submission Report”. Center for Strategic and International Study.  January 23 2013.

Williams, Cindy.  “The Future Affordability of US National Security”.  Security Studies Program:  Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  October 28 2011.

Conetta, Carl.  “Pentagon Base Budget to Get Bigger Share in 2013”.  Project on Defense Alternatives.  March 23 2013.

Preble, Christopher.  “The Pentagon Budget:  Myth v.s. Reality”.  The Cato Institute.  February 29 2012.

“Myths vs Realities of Pentagon Spending”.  Fact Sheet:  Center for International Policy.

French, Bill.  “Reshaping Pentagon Spending and Capabilities:  Setting Priorities for the Future”.  National Security Network.  March 2013.

Sharp, Travis.  “The Sacrifice Ahead:  The 2012 Defense Budget”.  Center for a New American Security.  February 2011.

“No Supplemental Funding:  Implications for the US Army”.  Defense Report:  Association of the US Army’s Institute of Land Warfare.  December 2007.

Beckhusen, Robert and Shachtman, Noah.  “2013 DOD Black Budget”.  Wired.  2012.

Bilmes, Linda.  “The Financial Legacy of Iraq and Afghanistan: How Wartime Spending Decisions Will Constrain Future National Security Budgets”.  Faculty Research Working Paper Series.  Harvard Kennedy School.  March 2013.

Books

Adams, Gordon and Williams, Cindy.  Buying National Security: How America Plans and Pays for Its Global Role and Safety at Home.  Routledge.  Dec. 18 2009.

Goodman, Melvin.  National Insecurity: The Cost of American Militarism (Open Media).  City Lights Publisher.  March 5, 2013.

Bruneau, Thomas.  Patriots for Profit: Contractors and the Military in U.S. National Security.  Stanford Security Studies.  July 18 2011.

O’Hanlon, Michael.  Healing the Wounded Giant: Maintaining Military Preeminence while Cutting the Defense Budget.  Brookings Institution Press.  May 2013.

Johansson, Emil.  Defense Department Budgets: Analysis of Spending Plans in the Face of Constraints (Defense, Security and Strategies).  Nova Science Publishers Inc. October 2013.

Weiner, Tim.  Blank Check: The Pentagon’s Black Budget.  Grand Central Publishing.  July 1991.

Articles

Pellerin, Cheryl.  “DOD Comptroller:  Budget Stability Key to National Security”.  American Forces Press Services.  Jan. 8 2013.

Hellman, Christopher.  “The Real US National Security Budget:  1.2 Trillion”.  Mother Jones.  March 1 2011.

“Secretary Napolitano Announces Fiscal Year 2014 Budget Request”.  DHS Press Office.  April 10 2013.

“Pentagon Budget:  Top 3 Winners and Losers”.  Christian Science Monitor.

Beckhusen, Robert and Shachtman, Noah.  “See for Yourself:  The Pentagon’s $51 billion ‘Black’ Budget”.  Wired.  Feb. 15, 2012.

Broad, William.  “Inside the Black Budget”.  New York Times.  April 1 2008.

Multi-Media

General Resources